What is Hiv In Urdu-Hiv Kya hai In Urdu

What is HIV in Urdu HIV Kya Hai In Urdu

 What is Hiv In Urdu-Hiv Kya hai in Urdu
What is Hiv In Urdu-Hiv Kya hai in Urdu

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) ek ( retrovirus ka ek subgroup) hai jisase Hiv infection hota hai aur time ke saath immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) ban jaata hai.


What is AIDS In Urdu-AIDS kya hai In Urdu?

Aids (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Aids) ek disease yaani bimari hai jo human immunodeficiency virus ya (Hiv) ke wajha se hote hai. ismen body ke immunity ko serious nuksaan pahunchta hai.Hiv/Aids ke wajha se kise insaan ke infection se ladne ke ability kam ho jaate hai.

▪ CD4+T white blood cells hote hain jo body ke immune system mein ek important role nibhate hain.Hiv in cells ko destroy kar deta hai. America ke disease control aur prevention center (CDC) ke according, sehatmand logon ke khoon mein har cubic millimeter mein approximately 1,000 CD4+T celks hote hain aur Aids se effected patients mein iske growth 200 ya usase kam ho jaate hain.

What Is HIV Positive In Urdu-HIV Positive Kya Hai In Urdu?

Hiv Positive hone ka matlab hamesha yah nahin hota ki aapko Aids hai. Aids, Hiv infection ka teesra aur final phase hai. haalanki, Untreated Hiv Infection time ke saath Aids ban sakta hai.
▪ india mein Hiv/Aids ke current status 2015 ke jaankari ke according, india mein 21 lakh log Hiv se suffer hain aur duniya mein Hiv se affected countries mein india teesre number par aata hai. ise saal, Aids se related bimariyon yaani disease se approximately 68,000 log maare gae the.
(Sex worker) aur mens ke saath sexual relationship rakhne vaale mens mein haal he mein Hiv phailne mein giravat aae hai.drug ko inject karne vaale logon mein pehle Hiv ka spread yaani phailav stabel tha lekin haal ke saalon mein yah badh raha hai.

Overall milkar, india mein Hiv epidemic ke new infections mein 32% ke giravat (2015 mein 86,000) aaye hai, aur 2007 aur 2015 ke beech Aids se related mauton mein 54% ke giravat aae hai.


Stages Of HIV/AIDS In Urdu-HIV/AIDS Ke Stages In Urdu

Treatment ke bina, Hiv virus ka infection badhta jaata hai aur aapke immune system ko ziyada nuksaan pahunchta hai. iske 3 steps hote hain:-

#1: Acute Primary Infection: Hiv se infected hone ke kareeb ek se chaar haftd baad, kuch logon ko flu jaise symptoms ho sakte hain. yah lambe time tak nahin rehte (ek ya do hafte) aur ho sakta hai aapko fku ke only kuch he symptoms ka experience ho ya koe bhe na ho. sirf in symptoms ka experience karna he Hiv ke diagnose ka ek reliable tareeka nahin hai.
#2: (Clinical Latency/Asymptomatic HIV/Chronic HIV): pehle phase ke start hone ke baad bahut log behtar mehsoos karne lagte hain aur ho sakta hai Hiv Virus ke 10 se 15 saal tak koe dusre symptoms na dikhae den (age, background aur health ke based par). haalanki, virus tab bhe active rehta hai, new cells ko infect karta hai aur badhta rehta hai. Time ke saath yah aapke immune system ko bahut nuksaan pahunchta hai.
#3: AIDS: Aids, Hiv Infection ka final phase hai. is time tak Hiv aapke immune system ko bure tarah nuksaan pahuncha chuka hota hai aur body dusre opportunistic infections jo kamzor defence vaale logon mein baar baar hote hain) aur vo nahin lad paate. Hiv vaale logon mein Aids ka diagnosed tab hota hai jab unke body mein 200 se kam CD4+T cells rah jaate hain ya unhen ek ya ek se ziyada opportunistic infections hote hain. Treatment ke bina, Aids se suffer log aam taur par approximately 3 saal tak zinda rehte hain.

HIV/AIDS Symptoms In Urdu-HIV/AIDS Ki Alamat In Urdu

Ziyadatar HIV se infected logon ko kam time ke lie flu jaise symptoms ka experience karte hain jo infection hone ke 2-6 hafte baad hote hain. iske baad ho sakta hai HIV ke kae saalon tak koe symptoms na hon. yah dekha gaya hai ki HIV se infected 80 percent logon ko flu jaise symptoms hote hain.
in symptoms ka hona matlab yah nahin hai ki aapke body mein HIV virus hai. yah symptoms kise aur situation ke wajha se bhe ho sakte hain. inme sabse aam symptoms hain:
▪ Bukhaar hona.
▪ Gale mein kharash. 
▪ Skin par rashes hona.

Uske aur bhe symptoms ho sakte hain jaise:

▪ Thakkan hona.
▪ Jodon mein dard .
▪ Muscles mein dard.
▪ Glands mein sujan.

▪ aamtaur par yah symptoms 1-2 hafte tak rehte hain lekin ziyada time ke lie bhe rah sakte hain. yah ek sign hai aapke immune system virus ke khilaf lad rahe hai. saath he is baat ka dhyaan rakhna zaruri hai ki agar aapko yah symptoms hon to:

#1 Weight loss karna.
#2 Raat ko paseena aana.
#3 Skin problems.
#4 Baar-baar infection hona.
#5 Serious death problems.

HIV/AIDS Causes and Risk factors In Urdu-HIV/AIDS Ki Wajohat In Urdu

HIV/AIDS kaise hota hai? Hiv se infected hone ke lie aapke body mein infected person ka blood ya semen ya vaginal discharge karna chahie. aap ordinary contact ke through se infected nahin ho sakte. HIV hava, paane ya keede ke kaatne ke through se transmitted nahin hota.aap kae tareekon se HIV se infected ho sakte hain jaise:
#1 Sexual contact: aap kise infected person ke saath sexual contact bana kar infected ho sakte hain agar us person ka blood, semen ya vaginal discharge aapke body mein enter karta hai. Vagina, anal ke zariye ya oral sexual intercourse relationship banane se infection fail sakta hai. yah virus sex ke dauraan muh mein hone vaale chale ya anus ya vagina mein hone vaale chote se cheere se bhe fail sakta hai.

#2 Blood transmission: suiyon ke istemaal se HIV virus tab bhe fail sakta hai agar ek sue jo kise infected person par istemaal ke gaye ho, kise uninfected person par istemaal kar de jae to HIV virus fail sakta hai.

#3 Pregnancy ya Child birth ya Breastfeeding ke zariye: agar ek aurat HIV virus se infected hai to vo pregnancy ya childbirth ya breastfeeding ke zariye apne bache ko bhe isase infected kar sakte hai.

HIV/AIDS Hone Ke Risk Factors Inhe Ziyada hain-

#1 Mens ke saath sexual relationship banane vaale Mens: haalanki (gay) ya mens ke saath sexual relationship banane vaale mens ki numbers kam hai lekin unhen HIV/AIDS hone ka khatra ziyada hota hai.
#2 Injection se nasha karne vaale log: injection ke zariye nashele davaen lene vaale logon ko HIV/AIDS hone ka Risk aur logon ke mukable ziyada hota hai. 2009 mein hue ek research ke mutabik approximately aadhe log jo injection se nasha karte hain aur se infected hain, unhen iska pata he nahin tha.
#4 Women's mein: HIV se infected partner ke saath unsafe sex karne ke wajah se infected hone vaale logon ke numbers yaani aabadi ache-khaase hai. asal mein, womens ke HIV se infected hone ka yah sabse aam wajah hai.
#5 Young people: primarily naujavano mein sexual examination ke curiosity ziyada hote hai aur vo apne partners ke influence ke wajah se nashe bhe karte hain jinse unka HIV se infected hone ka khatra badh jaata hai.
#6 Old people: Ziyadatar buzurg log yah nahin maante ki unhe bhe HIV infection ho sakta hai islie vo bina kise dar ke aise activities kar lete hain jinse unke HIV se infected hone ka khatra badh jaata hai.

Prevention Of HIV/AIDS In Urdu-HIV/AIDS Se Kaise Bache In Urdu

Abhe aise koe vaccine available nahin hai jo HIV Infection ko rok sake ya un logon ka ilaj kar sake jinhen HIV/AIDS hai.HIV/AIDS se bachne ka sabse important tarika hai condom ka istemaal karna. Mens aur Women's donon ke lie condom available hai.
Unprotected sexual relationship banana HIV ke spread hone ka sabse aam tarika hai. aap poore tarah se HIV ke jokhim yaani risk ko khatam nahin kar sakte jab tak aap sexual relationship banane se khud ko rok nahin lete. haalanki iske jokhim yaani risk ko kam karne ke lie aap kuch precautions le sakte hain jaise-
apne aur apne partner ke status jaan ne ke lie HIV ke lie test karaen.
aur sexual transmittted disease (STD) ke lie test karaen. Agar aapko aise koe bimari hai to ilaj karen kyonki STD hone se HIV ka khatra badh jaata hai.
▪ condom ka istemal karne ka sahe tarika jaane aur unka istemaal har baar jab aap sexual relationship banate vakt karen.
apne sex partner ke numbers ko limit mein karen. khali ek partner ke saath sexual relationship banaen jo jo khali aapke saath sexs kare.
▪ agar aapko HIV hai to instructions ke according apne davaen len apne apne sex partner ko ise broadcast karne ke jokhim ko kam karen. haalanki aapko abhe bhe condom ka istemaal karne ke zarurat hai.
▪ HIV blood ke zariye se bhe phailta hai iselie kabhe pehle se he istemaal ke gaye suiyon ya injection ka istemaal na karen.
Diagnosis Of HIV/AIDS In Urdu-HIV/AIDS Ka Test In Urdu

HIV ka diagnose karne ke lie blood test sabse aam tarika hai. Infection ke immediately baad mein antibodies ka produce nahin hota hai, aapke infected hone ke kuch time baad tak aapke blood test negative aa sakte hain.
HIV Aur AIDS ke Diagonse ke liye primary test hain
#1 (ELISA Test) : ELISA ka matlab hai Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbant, aise jiska istemaal HIV Infection ka pata lagane ke lie kiya jaata hai. Agar aap ka test positive aata hai to aamtaur par Western Blot Test kiya jaata hai.
#2 (Western Blot) : yah ek bahut he sensitive blood test hai jiska istemaal positive ELISA Test ke result ke pushti karne ke lie kiya jaata hai. yah aapke blood mein HIV Antibody ka pata lagata hai.
#3 (Home Test) : American Food and drug Administration (FDA) ke zariye Home Access Express test jo chemist ke paas available hota hai. agar test positive hai, to diagnose ko confirm karne aur apne treatment options par charcha karne ke lie apne doctor se baat karen. Agar test negative hai, to test ko confirm karne ke lie ise teen mahine mein phir se karen.
#4 (Saliva Test) : aapke gaal ke andar se laar lene ke lie ek cotton pad ka istemaal kiya jaata hai. pad testing ke lie ek laboratory mein diya jaata hai. positive result aane par blood test se isko confirm karvaen.
#5 (Viral Load Test) : yah test aapke blood mein HIV kee quantity ko maapta hai. DNA sequence (jo khaaskar HIV ko bind karta hain) aur iska istemaal karke HIV ka pata lagaya jaata hai.
HIV Ka Test Bahut Safe Hota Hai Lekin Kuch Compliactions Ho Sakte Hain Jaise-

▪ Chakkar aana ya behosh hona khaaskar agar aapko sue yaani needle ya blood se dar lagta ho.
▪ Needle laga ne ki jagha par infection hona.
▪ Khoon rokne mein pareshani.

HIV/AIDS Treatment In Urdu-HIV/AIDS Ka Ilaj Kaise Kare In Urdu

Haalanki HIV/AIDS ka koe ilaj nahin hai lekin HIV aur iske complications se ladne mein davaen ziyadatar effective rahe hain. davaen aapke body mein HIV virus ko kam karne mein madad karte hain aur aapke immune system ko jitna ho sake utna healthy rakhte hain.
HIV/AIDS Ke Ilaj Ke Liye FDA Ke Zariye Approved De Gaye Hai Kuch Davaen Niche Dekhiye-
(Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors or NRTI) ye davaen virus ke inhibit ko rokte hain jisase body mein HIV ka phailav dhere hota hai:
(Abacavir)
▪ (Didanosine)
▪ (Emtricitabine)
Lamivudine (Epivir)
▪ (Stavudine)
▪ (Tenofovir (viread)
▪ (Zalcitabine)
▪ (Zidovudine)
▪ Protease Inhibitors or PI) ye FDA ke zariye approved davaen virus ke productivity mein mushkil daalte hain.
Amprenavir
▪ Atazanavir
▪ Fosamprenavir
▪ Indinavir
▪ Lopinavir
▪ Ritonavir
▪ Sequinavir
▪ (Fusion Inhibitors) ek new category ke davaen hain jo HIV ko cell ke andar se fusing hone se rokte hain, jisase uska multiplication nahin ho pata. in davaon ke group mein (Enfuvirtide) aate hai, jise (Fuzeon) ya (T-20) bhe kaha jaata hai.
(Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy or HAART) HAART aksar HIV cocktail ke form mein jaana jaata hai. yah teen ya ziyada davaon ka ek combination hai, jaise Protease Inhibitors aur dusre Anti-retroviral davaen. yah HIV ke quality ko kam karne mein bahut had tak effective hai, jo body mein HIV ke spread ko dheema kar sakta hai. HAART ka goal aapke body mein virus ke quantity ko us level tak kam karna hai jisase vo blood test mein na paaya ja sake.
(Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors or NNRTI) non-nucleoside reverss transcriptase Inhibitors HIV ke zariye new cells ke infection ko block karte hain. ye davaen dusre Anti-retroviral davaon ke saath combination mein determined ke ja sakte hain.
▪ (Delvaridine (Rescriptor, DLV)
▪ (Afarvirnz (Savior, EFV) (Efvairenz)
▪ ( Navvirapine (Viramune, NVP)
Warning: Bina aapne doctor ke salah liye bina in davaon ka istemaal na karen.
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